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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with extra-axial haematoma at Mulago NRH

From: Thirty-day clinical outcome of traumatic brain injury patients with acute extradural and subdural hematoma: a cohort study at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Uganda

VariableCategoryCount%
SexMale9090.9
AgeFemale99.1
Below 30 years5050.5
30 years and above4949.5
Commute distance in (Km)< 143333.3
15–341717.2
35–1001414.1
> 1003535.4
Marital status (n = 97)Single4849.5
Married4950.5
Cause of trauma (n = 97)RTA5152.6
Assault3536.1
Fall88.3
Others33.1
Who brought to hospital (n = 96)Police1212.5
Nurse1818.7
Well wishers1111.5
Attendants5557.3
Mode of arrival (n = 97)Ambulance3738.1
Motorcycle66.2
Police pickup1414.4
Private vehicle3839.2
Public vehicle22.1
Pre-hospital treatment (n = 75)Oxygen1114.7
IV fluids5370.7
Mannitol45.2
Antibiotics22.7
Analgesia56.7
Total post resuscitation GCS (n = 98)Mild TBI5455.1
Moderate TBI1919.4
Severe TBI2525.5
Pulse (n = 70)(Mean = 84.9) (SD = 21.5)  
Oxygen saturation (n = 65)< 90%1218.5
> 90%5381.5
Systolic BP (n = 70)< 901724.3
> 905375.7
Pupillary size (n = 89)Equal8494.4
Dilated right33.4
Dilated left22.3
VomitYes3838.4
No6161.6
ConvulsionYes2424.2
No7575.8
CSF leak (n = 93)Nose22.2
Nose and ears11.1
None9096.8
Facial fractures (n = 91)Yes22.2
No8997.8
Limb weakness (n = 90)Upper limb lift or right22.3
Lower limb left or right11.1
Both lower and upper limbs22.2
None neither upper or lower8594.4
Type of surgery (n = 55)Craniostomy/burr hole11.8
Craniotomy5090.9
Craniectomy47.3
Diagnosis madeASDH2626.3
AEDH7171.7
Both ASDH and AEDH22.0
Findings at surgery (n = 97)Subdural hematoma2525.7
Epidural hematoma6971.1
Contusion11.0
Others22.1
Post-operative care area (n = 98)ICU11.0
HDU1010.2
Ward8788.8
Glasgow outcomeDead1616.2
Vegetative state (vs)11.0
Severe disability (sd)1212.1
Moderate disability (md)4848.5
Good recovery (gr)2222.2
  1. SD standard deviation