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Table 2 Patients’ characteristics and outcomes

From: The microendoscopic approach for far lateral lumbar disc herniation: a preliminary series of 33 patients

Gender
 Male 20
 Female 13
Level operated
 L2–3 2
 L3–4 15
 L4–5 16
Operative time (min) Average 110 (range 55–166)
Blood loss (ml) Average 33 (range 10–55)
Femoral stretch test
 Positive 21
 Negative 12
Lost tendon reflexes
 Negative 29
 Postive 4
Clinical improvement
 Radiating leg pain
  Proeperative VAS score Average 8 (range 6–10)
  Postoperative VAS score Average 2.1 (range 1–4)
  Postop. VAS score 6 monthsa Average 1.8 (range 1–4)
 Sensory deficit
  Preoperative
   Present 20
   Absent 13
  Last follow-up
   Present 4
   Absent 29
 Motor weakness (out of 5)
  Preop. Average 3.3 (range 1–5)
  Last follow-up Average 4.7 (range 3–5)
Functional outcome (by modified Macnab criteria)
 Excellent 28
 Good 5
  1. a3 out of 33 patients were lost to follow-up before 6 months