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Table 1 Preoperative clinical presentations and their relative post-operative improvement rates

From: Combined endoscopic third ventriculostomy and tumor biopsy in the management of pineal region tumors, safety considerations

Clinical presentations Frequency % Resolved Improved Unchanged
Headache 22 88 18 2 2
Papilloedema 15 60 15 0 0
Nausea and vomiting 12 48 12 0 0
Ataxia 10 40 9 1 0
Disturbed consciousness 4 16 4 0 0
Cranial nerve palsy 4 16 4 0 0