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Table 5 Neurosurgical operations before and after the lockdown

From: Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the neurosurgical practice in Egypt

  before COVID-19 (Jan. + Feb. + March) 2020 (n = 816)
N (%)
after COVID-19 (april + May + June) 2020 (n = 508)
N (%)
P value
Type of surgery    
Degenerative spinal disorders 250 (30.6) 77 (15.2) < 0.001**
Spinal fractures 60 (7.4) 65 (12.8) 0.001**
Spinal infections 5 (0.6) 3 (0.6) 0.8
Spinal deformity 5 (0.6) 0 0.2
Spinal tumor 13 (1.6) 10 (1.9) 0.8
Brain SOL 82 (10.1) 54 (10.6) 0.8
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 159 (19.5) 151 (29.7) < 0.001**
Brain hemorrhage 72 (8.8) 57 (11.2) 0.2
Endonasal skull base surgery 6 (0.7) 2 (0.4) 0.7
CSF diversion 60 (7.4) 47 (9.3) 0.3
Shunt-related problems 17 (2.1) 26 (5.1) 0.004*
Congenital malformations 14 (1.7) 10 (1.9) 0.9
Peripheral nerve injury repair 8 (1) 3 (0.6) 0.7
Other Peripheral nerve lesions 62 (7.6) 3 (0.6) < 0.001**
Cranioplasty 3 (0.4) 0 0.4
Time of surgery    
Urgent 376 (46.1) 349 (68.7) < 0.001**
Elective 440 (53.9) 159 (31.3) < 0.001**
  1. *Significant (P value > 0.05), **highly significant (P value > 0.001)