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Table 4 Neurosurgical operations in the 2nd 3 months of 2019 and 2020 (April, May and June)

From: Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the neurosurgical practice in Egypt

  April 2019 (n = 350)
N (%)
April 2020 (n = 180)
N (%)
P value May 2019 (n = 292)
N (%)
May 2020 (n = 161)
N (%)
P value June 2019 (n = 293)
N (%)
June 2020 (n = 167)
N (%)
P value
Type of surgery          
Degenerative spinal disorders 149 (42.5) 28 (15.6) < 0.001** 89 (30.5) 26 (16.1) 0.001** 84 (28.7) 23 (13.7) < 0.001**
Spinal fractures 18 (5.1) 20 (11.1) 0.02* 18 (6.2) 22 (13.7) 0.01* 22 (7.6) 23 (13.8) 0.04*
Spinal infections 2 (0.6) 2 (1.1) 0.9 1 (0.3) 1 (0.6) 0.8 1 (0.3) 0 0.8
Spinal deformity 2 (0.6) 0 0.8 1 (0.3) 0 0.8 1 (0.3) 0 0.8
Spinal tumor 8 (2.3) 5 (2.8) 0.96 4 (1.4) 3 (1.9) 0.99 5 (1.7) 2 (1.2) 0.9
Brain SOL 27 (7.7) 21 (11.7) 0.2 29 (9.9) 17 (10.6) 0.96 26 (8.9) 16 (9.6) 0.9
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 54 (15.4) 45 (25) 0.01* 59 (20.2) 41 (25.5) 0.2 61 (20.8) 65 (38.9) < 0.001**
Brain hemorrhage 22 (6.3) 24 (13.3) 0.01* 21 (7.2) 19 (11.8) 0.1 22 (7.5) 14 (8.4) 0.9
Endonasal skull base surgery 2 (0.6) 0 0.8 3 (1.03) 1 (0.6) 0.9 2 (0.7) 1 (0.6) 0.6
CSF diversion 22 (6.3) 20 (11.1) 0.1 24 (8.2) 14 (8.7) 0.99 18 (6.1) 13 (7.8) 0.6
Shunt-related problems 12 (3.4) 9 (5) 0.5 10 (3.4) 11 (6.8) 0.2 8 (2.7) 6 (3.6) 0.8
Congenital malformations 4 (1.14) 2 (1.11) 0.7 4 (1.4) 4 (2.5) 0.6 7 (2.4) 4 (2.4) 0.8
Peripheral nerve injury repair 5 (1.4) 1 (0.6) 0.6 2 (0.7) 2 (1.2) 0.9 1 (0.3) 0 0.8
Other Peripheral nerve lesions 23 (6.6) 3 (1.6) 0.02* 27 (9.2) 0 < 0.001** 35 (12) 0 < 0.001**
Cranioplasty 0 0 0 0 0 0
Time of surgery          
Urgent 133 (38) 120 (66.7) < 0.001** 133 (45.5) 108 (67.1) < 0.001** 132 (45.1) 121 (72.5) < 0.001**
Elective 217 (62) 60 (33.3) < 0.001** 159 (54.5) 53 (32.9) < 0.001** 161 (54.9) 46 (27.5) < 0.001**
  1. *Significant, **highly significant