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Table 3 Neurosurgical operations in the 1st three months of 2019 and 2020 (January, February and March)

From: Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the neurosurgical practice in Egypt

  January 2019 (n = 284)
N (%)
January 2020 (n = 276)
N (%)
P value February 2019 (n = 291)
N (%)
February 2020 (n = 289)
N (%)
P value March 2019 (n = 298)
N (%)
March 2020 (n = 251)
N (%)
P value
Type of surgery          
Degenerative spinal disorders 98 (34.5) 86 (31.2) 0.5 94 (32.4) 88 (30.4) 0.7 96 (32.3) 76 (30.3) 0.7
Spinal fractures 17 (6) 18 (6.5) 0.9 19 (6.5) 22 (7.6) 0.73 17 (5.7) 20 (7.9) 0.4
Spinal infections 0 1 (0.4) 0.99 0 3 (1.1) 0.2 0 1 (0.4) 0.9
Spinal deformity 1 (0.4) 2 (0.7) 0.98 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 0.5 1 (0.3) 2 (0.8) 0.88
Spinal tumor 4 (1.4) 5 (1.8) 0.97 5 (1.7) 3 (1.1) 0.7 4 (1.3) 5 (2) 0.8
Brain SOL 31 (10.9) 26 (9.4) 0.7 32 (11) 34 (11.8) 0.9 28 (9.4) 22 (8.8) 0.9
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 46 (16.1) 50 (18.1) 0.6 49 (16.8) 52 (18) 0.8 53 (17.8) 57 (22.7) 0.2
Brain hemorrhage 23 (8.1) 19 (6.9) 0.7 24 (8.3) 28 (9.7) 0.6 27 (9.1) 25 (9.9) 0.8
Endonasal skull base surgery 4 (1.4) 3 (1.1) 0.97 3 (1.03) 2 (0.7) 0.99 1 (0.3) 1 (0.4) 0.6
CSF diversion 19 (6.7) 21 (7.6) 0.79 19 (6.5) 20 (6.9) 0.98 27 (9.1) 19 (7.6) 0.6
Shunt-related problems 5 (1.8) 8 (2.9) 0.5 11 (3.8) 7 (2.4) 0.5 11 (3.7) 2 (0.8) 0.1
Congenital malformations 8 (2.8) 5 (1.8) 0.6 5 (1.72) 5 (1.73) 0.8 5 (1.7) 4 (1.6) 0.8
Peripheral nerve injury repair 1 (0.4) 5 (1.8) 0.2 1 (0.3) 3 (1.1) 0.6 2 (0.7) 0 0.6
Other Peripheral nerve lesions 27 (9.5) 27 (9.8) 0.9 28 (9.6) 18 (6.2) 0.2 26 (8.7) 17 (6.8) 0.5
Cranioplasty 0 0 0 3 (1.04) 0.2 0 0
Time of surgery          
Urgent 110 (38.7) 122 (44.2) 0.2 122 (41.9) 133 (46) 0.4 134 (44.9) 121 (48.2) 0.5
Elective 174 (61.3) 154 (55.8) 0.2 169 (58.1) 156 (54) 0.4 164 (55.1) 130 (51.8) 0.5
  1. SOL space occupying lesion