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Table 1 Neurological scoring system for neurological deficit assessment (Klekamp et al. [11])

From: Surgical management and prognostic factors of spinal metastatic tumors

ScoreSensory disturbanceMotor weaknessGaitSphincter function
5No symptomFull powerNormalNormal
4Present, not significantMovement against resistanceUnsteady, no aidSlight disturbance, no catheter
3Significant, function not restrictedMovement against gravityMobile with aidResidual, no catheter
2Some restriction of functionMovement without gravityFew steps with aidRarely incontinent
1Severe restriction of functionContraction without movementStanding with aidOften catheter
0Incapacitated functionPlegiaPlegiaPermanent catheter