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Table 2 Prognostic factors for surgically treated spontaneous basal ganglionic hematoma

From: Surgical management for large hypertensive basal ganglionic hemorrhage: single center experience

Outcome GOS 1–2 (n = 37) GOS 3–5 (n = 29) P value
No. % No. %
Age (years)
 < 20 5 83.3 1 16.7 0.050*
 20–40 16 69.6 7 30.4
 41–60 16 43.2 21 56.8
Sex
 Male 26 55.3 21 44.7 0.849
 Female 11 57.9 8 42.1
Neurological status on admission
 GCS 5–8 3 14.3 18 85.7 0.000*
 GCS 9–12 21 70.0 9 30.0
 GCS 13–15 13 86.7 2 13.3
Hematoma volume
 30–60 ml 26 86.7 4 13.3 0.000*
 61–90 ml 7 41.2 10 58.8
 > 90 ml 4 21.1 15 78.9
Intraventricular extension
 Yes 3 27.3 8 72.7 0.048*
 No 34 61.8 21 38.2
Hydrocephalic dilation
 Yes 2 22.2 7 77.8 0.036*
 No 35 61.4 22 38.6
Midline shift
 ≤ 5 22 73.3 8 26.7 0.010*
 > 5 15 41.7 21 58.3
  1. * Significant