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Table 5 Clinical outcome, length of stay, complications, and delirium in the studied groups

From: The effect of dexmedetomidine versus propofol in traumatic brain injury: evaluation of some hemodynamic and intracranial pressure changes

  Propofol group (n = 20) DEX group (n = 20) Mixed group (n = 20) p value
GCS on discharge from ICU, median (range) 12 (8.75) 12 (7.5) 12 (5.75) 0.604
Length of ICU stay (days) 23.5 ± 3 24.1 ± 2.8 22.9 ± 3.1 0.428
Length of hospital stay (days) 46.6 ± 3.8 48 ± 3.1 46.4 ± 4.2 0.329
Complications
 Bradycardia 3 (15%) 6 (30%) 3 (15%) 0.392
 Tachycardia 7 (35%) 5 (25%) 2 (10%) 0.170
 Hypotension 8 (40%) 2 (10%) 2 (10%) 0.024*
 Hypertension 6 (30%) 6 (30%) 4 (20%) 0.711
 Vomiting 5 (25%) 3 (15%) 1 (5%) 0.208
 Patients needed mechanical ventilation 4 (20%) 2 (10%) 1 (5%) 0.322
 Death rate till ICU discharge 2 (10%) 1 (5%) 1 (5%) 0.765
Delirium
 Incidence 7 (35%) 3 (15%) 3 (15%) 0.208
 Onset (days) 2 (1–5) 1 (2–4) 2 (2–4) 0.138
 Duration (days) 3 (1–4) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–4) 0.034*
  1. *p value for these results are significant as it is less than 0.01